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23 November 2015

Supreme Court: name of holy book cannot be registered as a trademark

In Lal Babu Priyadarshi v Amritpal Singh, the Supreme Court has dismissed an appeal against a decision of the Intellectual Property Board in which the latter had upheld an opposition to the registration of the mark RAMAYAN (Ramayan is the holy book of the Hindu religion). The court stated that it is not permitted to register the name of a holy or religious book as a trademark.

16 October 2015

Supreme Court applies 'first in market' test to restrain prior adopter of mark

In Neon Laboratories Ltd v Medical Technologies Ltd, the Supreme Court has restrained Neon Laboratories Ltd from using the mark ROFOL, which was applied for before Medical Technologies Ltd started making use of the mark PROFOL, but was not used for 12 years after the date of application. This decision is important as it is likely to change brand launch strategies, especially for pharmaceutical companies.

18 September 2015


In India, trademarks are protected through a combination of both specific statutes (eg, the Trademarks Act 1999) and ancillary legislation incorporated under, for example, the Customs Act 1962 and the Companies Act 1956.

17 September 2015

Nestlé taps into nostalgia in bid to re-launch Maggi brand in India

Nestlé’s managing director for India has sketched out the company’s plans to re-introduce its wildly popular Maggi noodles, following an August court ruling paving the way for the brand’s return.

17 June 2015

Nestlé brand ambassadors caught up in Maggi noodles scandal

Nestlé faces a major brand crisis in India after the country’s food safety regulator labelled the popular Maggi line of instant noodles “unsafe and hazardous” and ordered the product pulled off shelves. Although it is challenging the ban in the high court, the Swiss company is said to be preparing to destroy $50 million worth of inventory. In an interesting twist, unconfirmed reports say three Indian celebrities who have served as brand ambassadors for Maggi have been named in legal actions against the company, raising the question of whether endorsers can be held liable for misleading claims in advertisements.

06 March 2015

Indian government weighs FDI changes for single-brand retailers

According to a report in India’s Economic Times, the Indian government is considering reforms to simplify the country’s foreign direct investment policies in the retail sector. Among the changes are several that could directly impact trademark counsel for companies looking to establish a retail presence there.

23 January 2015

Validity of plaintiff's trademark registration can be questioned at interlocutory stage

In Lupin Limited v Johnson & Johnson, the Full Bench of the Bombay High Court has held that the court can consider the question of the validity of a registered trademark at the interlocutory stage if the registration is ex facie illegal, fraudulent or shocks the conscience of the court. The decision represents a U-turn in the court’s position in this respect.

11 December 2014


In India, the protection of industrial designs is governed by a dynamic legislative framework which is in sync with advances in technology and concomitant international developments. The Designs Act 2000, which repealed and replaced the Designs Act 1911, sets down the statutory framework for the protection of designs and has been in force since May 11 2001.

05 November 2014

Amendment of statement of use in trademark applications now possible

In Intellectual Property Attorneys Association v Union of India, a division bench of the High Court of Delhi has quashed Clause 3 of Office Order No 16, which stated that it is not permissible to request the amendment of the statement of use in a trademark application. The court directed the registrar of trademarks to decide on such requests on a case-by-case basis. This decision will come as a huge relief to trademark applicants.

02 October 2014

Delhi High Court refuses to issue blanket injunction against applications for similar marks

In Diageo Brands BV v Khoday Breweries Ltd, the High Court of Delhi has refused to grant a blanket injunction restraining Khoday Breweries Ltd from applying for trademarks similar to Diageo Brands BV’s marks. Among other things, the court held that such relief, if granted, would lead to an absurd situation.

17 September 2014

Increase in official fees for trademark applications and expedited examination

With effect from August 1 2014, official fees have increased as follows: the fee for filing a trademark application has increased from Rs3,500 to Rs4,000, while the fee for requesting expedited examination has increased from Rs12,500 to Rs20,000. Although the increase relating to expedited examination is unlikely to affect most applicants, the increase in the trademark application fee may affect small entities and individual applicants.

09 September 2014

Amendment of statement of use in trademark application not permissible

The controller general of patents, designs and trademarks has disposed of a representation filed by the Intellectual Property Attorneys Association challenging Clause 3 of Office Order No 16 of the Trademarks Registry, which states that a request for amendment of the statement of use of a trademark application is not permissible. The association argued that the clause was contrary to the provisions of the Trademarks Act.

28 May 2014

Blow to international retailers as Indian minister signals U-turn on FDI in multi-brand retail

Over the past few years, legislation in India has moved to open up the lucrative consumer market to international multi-brand retailers. However, this week the new Indian government signalled its intention to reverse the previous administration’s policy, raising questions for those planning to enter the market – and for the trademark counsel preparing for such entry.

03 March 2014

Trademarks registry revamps its online platform

With India now a member of the Madrid Protocol, it is imperative for the Trademark Office to clear its backlog and speed up its digitisation drive. The office has recently taken several steps to improve its functioning - in particular, it has improved its web portal by introducing several new services for the benefit of brand owners and practitioners.

29 November 2013

Cadbury loses rights in ECLAIRS marks

The Intellectual Property Appellate Board has ordered the removal of Cadbury’s ECLAIRS marks from the register on the ground of non-use, following a petition for removal by ITC Limited, an Indian company with extensive business interests in the confectionery sector. Among other things, the board found that, although Cadbury owned registrations for ECLAIRS in various countries, there was no evidence of use of the marks in India.