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07 May 2008


In Paraguay, trademark protection is set out in the Trademark Law (1294/98) and the corresponding Regulatory Decree (22365/98).Through Decree 16939/02 Paraguay adopted the Eighth Edition of the Nice Agreement. Therefore, since June 2003 the International Classification for Goods and Services in relation to trademarks has been in force in Paraguay.

07 May 2008


The year 2007 was the year of intellectual property in China. The trademark-related legislation in force in mainland China includes, among others, the Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition (1993); the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China (2001); and the Regulations for the Implementation of the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China (2002).

07 May 2008

South Africa

The domestic acts governing trademark law and related issues include the Trademarks Act (194/1993) and the Counterfeit Goods Act (37/1997).

07 May 2008


In Portugal, trademarks are governed by the Industrial Property Code (approved by Decree-Law 36/2003), which entered into force on July 1 2003.

07 May 2008


Trademarks in Romania are governed by, among other things, the Law on Trademarks and Geographical Indications (84/1998) and Government Decision 833/1998 on the Regulations for the Application of the Trademarks Law.

07 May 2008


The key national laws governing trademarks are as follows: - the Trademarks Act (7/1964, as amended) - the Trademarks Decree (296/1964, as amended);...

07 May 2008


On January 1 2008 a new comprehensive IP law came in force. New Part IV of the Civil Code incorporates all the IP laws into a single statute. At the same time, many amendments were made to the IP legislation and a new chapter was added to include provisions common across the whole IP field.

07 May 2008


The Trademarks Act 1999 brought the Indian statutory framework into line with worldwide trends and met India’s obligations under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.

07 May 2008


The trademark registration system in Malaysia is governed by the Trademarks Act 1976 and the Trademarks Regulations 1997.

07 May 2008

Virtual environments: all fun and games for trademark practitioners?

Many in the legal profession have attempted to avoid the virtual world. After all, busy lawyers have little free time to spend on non-work, ‘first life’ activities, let alone virtual ‘Second Life’ ones. However, both legal and news texts constantly talk about metaverses, virtual space and virtual environments, such as Second Life.

07 May 2008


The World Trademark Review Yearbook 2008, is an invaluable reference guide to trademark law in 33 key jurisdictions.

07 May 2008


The most important pieces of legislation governing trademarks in Greece are as follows: - the Trademarks Law (2239/1994), which sets out the main legislative framework for Greek registered trademarks and implements the First Trademark Directive (89/104/EEC);...

07 May 2008

New Zealand

The Trademarks Act 2002 defines and controls the New Zealand system for the registration of trademarks.

07 May 2008


French trademark law is governed by statute as France is a civil law country.The main law governing French trademarks is Law 91-7 of January 4 1991, implementing the EU First Trademark Directive (89/104/EEC), and codified in Book VII of the IP Code.

07 May 2008


Trademarks in Mexico are governed by the Industrial Property Law 1991 (as amended) and its supplementary regulations.