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29 March 2017

Balancing efficiency, expertise and protection: the trademark ecosystem

The number of trademark applications is rising each year as a result of the ease of reaching consumers through the Internet and the globalisation of markets. While some regions (eg, China) are registering more marks than others, this increase is a worldwide trend.

01 March 2017

United States: Could Trump rewind the transfer of the IANA function?

Donald Trump was a vocal critic of the transfer of internet governance functions to ICANN in September 2016. What action is he likely to take now that he is president?

30 April 2010

The Anti-Counterfeiting Group: a 30-year campaign against the trade in fakes

The Anti-Counterfeiting Group (ACG) celebrates its 30th anniversary this year. A lot has changed since its foundation in the United Kingdom in 1980. Back then, it had 18 members – mostly from the automotive industry – which had discovered that they shared a common problem with counterfeit parts.

30 April 2010


The following legislation applies to counterfeiting: the Trademarks Law (2239/1994) (implementing the EU First Trademarks Directive (89/104/EEC)), the EU Community Trademark Regulation (40/94), the Copyright Law (2121/1993), the Unfair Competition Law (146/1914), the Industrial Designs Presidential Decree (259/1997) and the Penal Code.

30 April 2010


The applicable legislation governing the prevention of counterfeiting in Mexico is mainly as follows: the Industrial Property Law, the Federal Criminal Code, the Copyright Law and the Customs Law.

30 April 2010


Contrary to common belief, the legislative instruments available in Italy against IP infringement are efficient. The 2005 Code of Industrial Property brought together the principal laws relating to IP matters, with two exceptions: copyright is covered by the separate Copyright Law, and the main criminal provisions are contained in the Criminal Code.

30 April 2010

IP taskforces: an alternative organizational model to combat IP crime

Counterfeit products and IP theft have real-world consequences. Not only are they threats to a nation’s economy, but certain types of IP crime also endanger the public.

30 April 2010


The following national and international laws and conventions, among others, are relevant to IP rights in Jordan: the Trademark Law (34/1999), the Goods Mark Law (19/1953) and the Trade Secrets and Unfair Competition Law (15/2000).

30 April 2010


The law relating to the administration, protection and enforcement of trademarks in Singapore is governed by the Trademarks Act 1998. This is modelled on the UK Trademarks Act 1994, which is in turn derived from the First Trademark Directive.

30 April 2010


Lebanon is a parliamentary republic and a civil law country. Its legal system is based on substantive and procedural codified laws. The main texts governing trademarks and service marks in Lebanon include the High French Commissioner’s Ordinance 2385/LR of January 17 1924 (Sections 68 to 88 and 105 to 110) and the Penal Code of February 27 1943 (Sections 701 to 721, which are consistent with Ordinance 2385/LR).

30 April 2010


The following laws and regulations, among others, govern anti-counterfeiting in China: the Trademark Law (2001) and the Implementing Regulations of the Trademark Law (2002), and the Anti-unfair Competition Law (1993).

30 April 2010


Trademark protection is regulated by, among other things, the Federal Constitution, the Industrial Property Law (9,279/96), the Paris Convention of 1883 (as reviewed in Stockholm in 1967) and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.

30 April 2010


The relevant statutes in Pakistan relating to trademarks are the Trademarks Ordinance 2001 (civil), the Pakistan Penal Code 1860 (criminal), the Customs Act 1969 and the Drugs Act 1976 (for drugs/pharmaceuticals only).

30 April 2010


The legal framework for the protection of IP rights in Chile consists of several legal instruments, the most important being the Political Constitution of the Nation of 1980.

30 April 2010


Counterfeiting is a global menace polluting worldwide markets with tainted stock, which in turn creates false impressions of economic security. Counterfeiting is also a local nuisance, which can set the scene for other illegitimate activities, such as money laundering and human trafficking.