Any natural person or legal entity can apply for a French trademark before the French Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle (INPI). The application can be filed by the owner itself or its representative.
Decisions handed down in 2017 scored victories for the First Amendment over trademark rights in two monumental decisions, one by the Supreme Court and the other out of the Ninth Circuit, which may end up in the Supreme Court as early as 2019.
Any natural or legal person can apply for and acquire the right to own a mark in El Salvador. No conditions of nationality, domicile or establishment apply.
The reality is that as the counterfeiting market expands, brands will never be able to eliminate every single instance of it. However, it is not necessarily a losing battle. Instead, it requires a change of focus.
In addition to the IP Law, a number of other laws and regulations govern the protection and enforcement of trademark rights in Egypt.
Officers at Mexico’s 49 customs offices inspect the contents of containers with Mexico as their final destination in order to detect counterfeit merchandise. Because the authorities cannot commence proceedings against counterfeit goods, rights holders must file corresponding legal actions.
The Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHIL) continues to be at the forefront of activities geared towards providing adequate, reliable and effective protection and enforcement of IP rights.
The availability of preventive measures at Customs is vital in the fight against counterfeiting. In light of this, the Customs Code and the relevant customs regulations have been amended in line with TRIPs.
The primary piece of national legislation relating to trademarks in the United Kingdom is the Trademarks Act 1994. This act contains provisions covering trademark infringement as well as criminal offences relating to anti-counterfeiting.
No laws or regulations deal specifically with counterfeiting in Ukraine. Thus, this type of infringement is dealt with under the Trademark Law.
US law offers a full arsenal of weapons that trademark owners can employ to combat counterfeiting at every step.
The growth of the Brazilian market and economy is paralleled by the increase in counterfeiting activities.
Counterfeiting is a priority policy issue for the International Trademark Association (INTA). Counterfeit goods are reaching consumers in all corners of the world and have permeated the online marketplace.
Brand owners often contend that counterfeiting and trademark infringement are a high-profit and low-risk business, and that trademark protection falls short in China. However, positive changes have been taking place.
In case of slavish imitations which are not within the scope of IP rights, the Act Against Unfair Competition provides for complementary protection of performances if additional unfair competition aspects are given, although the requirements are less strict for identical replications.