Turkey

Why copyright may offer broader protection than well-known trademark status in Turkey

A recent decision illustrates the fact that the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office tends to be more protective towards copyright than well-known registered marks when it comes to opposing later marks covering different goods or services.

Why copyright may offer broader protection than well-known trademark status in Turkey
No registration or proof of use, no problem: how the Turkish IP system supports all legitimate rights holders
23 Mar 2021

No registration or proof of use, no problem: how the Turkish IP system supports all legitimate rights holders

Co-published: Registering a trademark grants its owner a number of advantages, but the Turkish Trademark Law does not leave unregistered rights holders defenceless – even when their marks are not in use in Turkey.

IP Office of Singapore postpones IP Week; 3M files more lawsuits; registrations rise in Turkey – news digest
24 Apr 2020

IP Office of Singapore postpones IP Week; 3M files more lawsuits; registrations rise in Turkey – news digest

In our latest round-up, we look at the Uzbekistan IP Office warning of a rise in fraud, the Korean and Saudi IPOs pledging better cooperation, four ‘.brands’ preparing to exit, and much more.

Latest

View all
27 Sep 2021

SAMSONITE v SAMS: Higher Board issues exemplary decision on similarity, taking into account well-known status of earlier mark

In a victory for Samsonite, the Higher Board of the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office has found that the marks SAMS and SAMSONITE were similar. Among other things, the ‘swirl’ device in the SAMSONITE mark separated and emphasised the element ‘Sams’. Read more

22 Sep 2021

Patent and Trademark Office updates trademark examination guidelines – what you need to know

In 2019 the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office issued guidelines for the examination of trademark applications in terms of absolute grounds. A new chapter concerning the substantive examination standards for the assessment of confusing similarity has now also been published. Read more

3 Sep 2021

Higher Board decides in favour of UGG based on well-known trademark status and principle of interdependence

Deckers Outdoor Corporation, the owner of the UGG mark, has prevailed in an opposition against the registration of the trademark UGG WATCH, winning on the basis of a likelihood of confusion despite substantial differences between the products. Read more

27 Aug 2021

Red Bull triumphs in opposition before the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office

Relying on figurative elements rather than verbal ones, the Patent and Trademark Office has rejected an application for a mark covering energy drinks that shared visual aspects of a Red Bull graphic trademark. Read more

Anti-Counterfeiting

View all
11 May 2021

Brand owners must do more to block sale of counterfeits online

The covid-19 pandemic has affected commerce and brand enforcement around the globe. From March 2020, short but repeated lockdowns and other measures have been applied in Turkey, changing many aspects of trade. Read more

11 May 2021

Procedures and strategies for anti-counterfeiting: Turkey

Turkey is a party to a number of international conventions, including the Paris Convention, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and the Berne Convention. Read more

6 Jul 2020

Can we overcome counterfeiting without tackling the mindset behind it?

Trademark owners have a mountain to climb if they want local judges to grant orders to seize counterfeit goods in Turkey. Things are better at the border, but changes to judicial processes are required. Read more

23 Apr 2020

Procedures and strategies for anti-counterfeiting: Turkey

Turkey is a party to a number of international conventions, including the Paris Convention, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and the Berne Convention. Read more

Brand management

View all
23 Sep 2020

Against the odds: the fundamentals of design protection in Turkey

Although registered and unregistered designs enjoy various forms of protection in Turkey, in practice, the hurdles to obtain such rights can be difficult to overcome, meaning manufacturers – especially in the spare parts industry – should consider alternative solutions. Read more

17 Mar 2020

Trademark procedures and strategies: Turkey

The processing time from initial filing to registration of national applications is approximately six to eight months in case of no office actions or oppositions. Read more

27 Feb 2020

Most TikTok influencers at risk of brand infringement; urged to consider trademark protection

TikTok has become a global phenomenon over the past 12 months, but research from WTR reveals that the vast majority of the platform's most popular content creators have taken no steps to protect their brand assets. Read more

6 Dec 2019

Turkey implements plain packaging, Trump trademark spike, and INTA awareness call: news digest

In our latest edition, we look at the resolution of a trademark dispute between the Ramone family, brand loyalty rising, a vegan butcher taking on Nestlé at the USPTO, and much more. Read more

Enforcement and Litigation

View all
4 Jun 2021

Regional Court of Appeal issues controversial reversal decisions

The Ankara Regional Court of Appeal has reversed several first-instance decisions on procedural grounds, even though the ground for reversal was not compatible with the appeal court’s reasons for reversal. Read more

27 May 2021

Supreme Court softens conditions for bad-faith claims

This decision the Turkish Supreme Court should encourage right holders to fight against bad-faith applications, regardless of whether their marks are in use or have a reputation on the Turkish market. Read more

16 Mar 2021

Implementation of mandatory mediation in IP disputes: Court of Cassation issues contradictory decisions

In 2019 mediation became mandatory for IP-related monetary claims in Turkey. Although two years have now passed since the introduction of this requirement, discussions on its implementation still continue. Read more

3 Mar 2021

Does the use of a trademark on a book cover qualify as infringement?

In a case which highlights the crucial importance of filing trademark infringement and unfair competition claims cumulatively, the Turkish Court of Cassation has considered that the use of a trademark on a book cover was a legitimate use. Read more

Government/Policy

View all
12 Dec 2020

How to protect your most valuable rights: publicity and image

With millions of images shared online every day, striking a balance between the rights of the individual and freedom of expression is a complex task. Thankfully, various regulations can offer protection in the absence of specific publicity and image rights. Read more

28 May 2020

Impact of covid-19 pandemic on grace periods and obligation of use

This update considers the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on the grace periods set forth by the Turkish Industrial Property Code, and examines whether the restrictions imposed by the government may constitute a justified reason for non-use of a trademark. Read more

16 Jan 2020

Turkey tackles online sales of counterfeit goods

According to the Customs Union Report (September 2019), fake and potentially dangerous goods worth nearly €740 million were stopped by various EU customs authorities in 2018. The number of interceptions of fake goods imported into the European Union increased as a result of the large volume of small parcels sent in the post. Read more

2 Dec 2019

Regulation on Intellectual Property Academy enters into force

The Regulation on the Intellectual Property Academy was published in the Official Gazette on 14 November 2019 and entered into force on the same day. The regulation is significant in that it establishes uniform rules in the fields of copyright and industrial property rights. Read more

Law Firms

View all
23 Apr 2019

Turkey trademark uplift, INPI announces Africa IP adviser, and China counterfeit crackdown: news digest

In our latest edition, we look at INTA and the National Trade Foundation for Education partnering up to spread the anti-counterfeiting message, a study highlights how brands need to showcase their authenticity, and much more. Read more

26 Jan 2018

Pharma brands warned not to be ‘trademark bullies’, Turkey on top, and world’s oldest mark: news round-up

We look at Turkey moving to the top of the European trademark filing league, Activision prevailing in a lawsuit in China, and a warning to pharma brands. Read more

IP Offices

View all
10 Mar 2021

The effect of the covid-19 pandemic on trademark applications

Statistics recently released by TURKPATENT have revealed how trademark filings were affected by the covid-19 pandemic throughout 2020 and how the figures compared to those of the previous year. Read more

22 Sep 2020

Legitimacy of Turkish PTO’s registry of well-known trademarks thrown into doubt

Following a decision of the Turkish Court of Appeals earlier this year, the future of the registry of well-known trademarks, which is managed by the Patent and Trademark Office, is hanging in the balance. Read more

17 Oct 2019

Patent and Trademark Office issues new guidelines for examination of trademark applications

Following the entry into force of the Industrial Property Code on 10 January 2017, the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office has announced the issuance of long-awaited new guidelines for the examination of trademark applications. Read more

7 Aug 2019

Significant amendments to the Regulation on the Implementation of the Industrial Property Code

Important amendments to the Turkish Regulation on the Implementation of the Industrial Property Code were published in the Official Gazette on 8 July 2019. Read more

Online

View all
11 Nov 2020

A new era for domain names under the ‘.tr’ extension

Turkey will soon have a new system for registering and regulating ‘.tr’ domain names. Among many other changes, the ‘.tr’ Network Information System - or TRABIS - allows domain name sales transactions and it will be possible to use dispute resolution service providers. Read more

7 Dec 2018

Turkey plain packaging, WIPO praises Pakistan IPO and '.amazon' up in the air: news round-up

In our latest round-up, we look at a tussle over BRENT marks in Singapore, a "worrying trend" of retail fakes in Papua New Guinea, a new UK IP minister, and much more. Read more

1 Jan 2018

Turkey: Search engines yield mixed results on liability

Search engines offer wide-reaching advertising opportunities, but the law is patchy on where liability for use of metatags and keywords falls in a trademark infringement suit. Read more

10 Mar 2015

ALIPAY case highlights efficiency of 'two-way campaign' in domain name disputes

A recent case involving a globally-known Chinese e-commerce company has illustrated the effectiveness of a ‘two-way campaign’ in disputes involving ‘.tr’ domain names: the company opposed the trademark application filed by the owner of the disputed domain name and simultaneously filed a complaint before Nic.tr.

Read more

Portfolio Management

View all
29 Jul 2021

Turkey

At national level, the Industrial Property Code 6769 (10 January 2017) governs the principles, rules and conditions relating to the protection of trademarks, patents, utility models, designs and geographical indications. Read more

18 Jan 2021

Court of Appeals finds likelihood of confusion between short marks in surprising decision

In this somewhat controversial decision, the Turkish Court of Appeals seems to have changed its approach to the role of weak trademarks in the assessment of confusing similarity. Read more

12 Jan 2021

Civil IP Court clamps down on monopoly rights on widely used colours

In a case involving the use of the same colour combination for confectionary products, a Turkish court has held that the use of identical colours or colour combinations is not in itself sufficient to cause unfair competition. Read more

7 Jan 2021

Turkish appeals court finds for applicants by overturning longstanding ex officio refusal practice

A ruling by Turkey’s appeals court removes authority from the Re-examination and Evaluation Board for expanding the scope or the grounds of ex officio refusals issued by the Patent and Trademark Office. Read more

Trademark law

View all
9 Dec 2019

Litigation procedures and strategies: Turkey

Read more

1 Oct 2019

Procedures and strategies for pharmaceutical brands: Turkey

Several pharmaceutical trademarks exist that have not yet been put to use, mostly as a result of licensing problems, and are therefore vulnerable to non-use defence. Any opposition on the basis of such kinds of trademark can be overcome by non-use defence. Read more

12 Aug 2019

Court of Cassation issues long-awaited decision on non-use revocation actions

The Turkish Court of Cassation has considered for the first time the legal gap created by the annulment of Article 14 of Decree-Law No 556, which regulated the use requirement for trademarks. Read more

29 Jan 2019

Litigation procedures and strategies: Turkey

Turkey has no arbitral institutions that specialise in IP disputes. However, it is accepted that, regardless of their nature, trademark disputes that can be settled between the parties may be subject to arbitration. Read more