Upon referral from the Dusseldorf Higher Regional Court, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled on May 18 2017 that a legally distinct second-tier subsidiary (with its seat in an EU member state) of a defendant parent body (with no seat in the European Union) was an “establishment” of that parent body under Article 97(1) of the EU Trademark Regulation 207/2009  on the grounds that the subsidiary was a centre of operations that, in the member state in which it was located:

Want to read more?

Register to access two of our subscriber only articles per month

Subscribe for unlimited access to articles, in-depth analysis and research from the World Trademark Review experts

Already registered? Log in

What our customers are saying

The searchable online World Trademark Review database is a valuable research tool.

IP director
Maus Frères/Lacoste


Subscribe to World Trademark Review to receive access to the full range of trademark intelligence, insight, and case law, as well as our guides, rankings and daily market insight delivered to your inbox.

Why subscribe?

Share this article